Original Article

Year: 2015 | Month: December | Volume 3 | Issue 2

Values Clarification: A Strategy for Nurturing Values

Monika Gautam
DOI:Coming Soon


The word value is derived from the Latin word “Valerie”. This means “to be strong and vigorous”. The word “values” was used by a German Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche in 1880. Nietzsche used this word in plural form to ‘denote beliefs and attitudes what were personal and subjective’.John Dewey in 1948 said “The value means primarily to prize, to esteem, to appraise and to estimate. It means the act of cherishing something, holding it dear and also the act of passing judgement upon the nature and amounts of values as compared with something else.”There are different types of values like personal values, social values, moral values, cultural values etc. The values mentioned in the list compiled by NCERT and given in Appendix III of “ Documents on Social , Moral and Spiritual Values in Education” (1979) include cooperation, compassion, courtesy etc. There are different viewpoints on whether values should be taught as a separate subject or incorporated in the formal and informal teaching itself. Some believe that values are caught as well as taught while some say that values are caught not taught. Thus there are different strategies to inculcate values in students. These strategies include Role Playing, Case Study Strategy, Values Clarification etc.Values Clarification approach was promoted by L.S. Raths, M.F. Harmin and S.B. Simon. It is an innovative strategy in which individuals are motivated to reflect upon the different values and accept only those values that they actually feel are relevant for them. Every person needs to introspect and clarify the values that they cherish personally without blindly following the values told by others to be important.

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